2019年06月17日

200万人デモパワーの威力は(香港は独裁を拒否)

現代のデモは独裁に対抗しうるのか?香港では「103万人デモ」が「200万人デモ」に発展しました。毎日新聞は『大規模デモが再び起きたことで、林鄭氏は追い込まれ、16日、「社会に分断と争いを招いてしまった。市民に謝罪する」との声明を発表した。改正案は撤回しなかったものの、12日の機動隊によるデモ隊の強制排除に対する激しい抗議に、謝罪で応じた形だ』としました。
さらに『立法会を鉄柵で囲んでいた機動隊は16日、厳しい警備態勢を解き、デモ隊が立法会を占拠するのを傍観している』と報じました。
そして『林鄭氏はこれまで決して譲らない姿勢で知られ、2017年7月の就任以来、比較的安定した行政運営を維持、中国政府も高く評価してきた。だが今回、改正案の審議をめぐって譲歩を続けたことで求心力が弱まり、改正案の撤回に追い込まれるシナリオも現実味を帯びてきた。政府の統制が弱体化すれば、ほかの中国政府寄りの政策に対しても市民の反発が強まる可能性がある』としていますが、今後の状況は不透明です。
BBCもデモと経緯に詳細を速報しています。


黒色に染まる「香港史上最大の200万人デモ」 延期方針後の日曜日、撤回求め
毎日新聞2019年6月16日
https://mainichi.jp/articles/20190616/k00/00m/030/163000c

香港で16日、刑事事件の容疑者を中国本土の司法当局に引き渡せるようにする「逃亡犯条例」改正案の撤回を求めるデモがあり、香港史上最大となる約200万人(主催者発表、警察発表は33万8000人)が参加した。香港政府は15日に改正延期の方針を示したが、市民は「撤回」を強く求めており、103万人が集まった9日のデモを上回った。

運動のシンボルカラーとなった黒色の服を着た市民は幹線道路を埋め尽くした。さらに、数百人が立法会(議会)の敷地になだれ込み、正面玄関前に座り込んで占拠。審議再開は絶対に許さないという市民の強い意志を香港政府トップの林鄭月娥(りんてい・げつが)行政長官に突きつけた。

 大規模デモが再び起きたことで、林鄭氏は追い込まれ、16日、「社会に分断と争いを招いてしまった。市民に謝罪する」との声明を発表した。改正案は撤回しなかったものの、12日の機動隊によるデモ隊の強制排除に対する激しい抗議に、謝罪で応じた形だ。

 立法会を鉄柵で囲んでいた機動隊は16日、厳しい警備態勢を解き、デモ隊が立法会を占拠するのを傍観している。

林鄭氏はこれまで決して譲らない姿勢で知られ、2017年7月の就任以来、比較的安定した行政運営を維持、中国政府も高く評価してきた。だが今回、改正案の審議をめぐって譲歩を続けたことで求心力が弱まり、改正案の撤回に追い込まれるシナリオも現実味を帯びてきた。政府の統制が弱体化すれば、ほかの中国政府寄りの政策に対しても市民の反発が強まる可能性がある。

 林鄭氏は15日、立法会で年内に審議を再開することは難しいと述べた。香港メディアによると、来年7月までに採決できなければ改正案は廃案となる。妻と子供2人と参加した会社員、陳俊熙さん(35)は「今日のデモで参加者が少なかったら政府は審議再開を狙うに違いない。撤回まで大規模デモを繰り返し続けるべきだ」と語気を強めた。

 12日に起きたデモで機動隊が若者をゴム弾や催涙弾などで攻撃し、80人以上がけがをしたことへの怒りも爆発した。家族連れや主婦らも大勢加わり、殴られて血を流す若者や、催涙弾を撃つ機動隊の写真などをプラカードに張り、林鄭氏に対して若者への謝罪と行政長官の辞任を求めた。12歳の子供と参加した主婦(40)は「機動隊は倒れた若者を繰り返し警棒で殴りつけていた。デモに参加することで私たちの怒りを政府に伝える必要がある」と話した。

 台湾などでも香港市民を支援するデモが行われた。【香港・福岡静哉】


Hong Kong protest: 'Nearly two million' join demonstration
BBC 2019年6月17日
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-48656471

Nearly two million people have taken part in a mass protest in Hong Kong against a controversial extradition bill, organisers say.

The number has not been independently verified. If confirmed, it would be the largest protest there since 1989.

The masses turned out despite the suspension of the bill - which would allow extradition from Hong Kong to mainland China - on Saturday.

Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam on Sunday apologised for proposing the bill.

Many protesters, who fear increased Chinese influence over Hong Kong, are calling on her to resign over the unrest.

They are also demanding that the bill be scrapped, not just suspended.

What happened at the protest?
"Today's march we had almost two million people," Jimmy Sham, from the Civil Human Rights Front protest group, told reporters late on Sunday evening.

See the scale of the march in photos
The protest was mainly peaceful, with police officers reportedly holding back to allow the throngs of people to slowly pass through the city. This contrasted to scenes at the last previous major demonstration on Wednesday, which saw clashes between protesters and police that injured dozens.

The demonstration began early in the afternoon in Victoria Square, with many wearing black.

Many held white flowers to mourn a protester who fell to his death on Saturday from a ledge, where hours earlier he had unfurled an anti-extradition banner.

The progress of the march was slow, as the large numbers of people blocked many streets and crowded train stations.

As darkness fell, protesters started to take over major roads and crossings and surrounded the legislative council building.

They carried placards that read "The students did not riot", in response to police labelling last Wednesday's student protests a riot - an offence punishable by up to 10 years in jail.

All you need to know about the protests
Hong Kong-China extradition plans explained
There was scepticism among some protesters about Ms Lam's decision to suspend the bill.

"Carrie Lam has ignored the feelings of Hong Kongers," Mr Ma, a 67-year-old protester, told the BBC. He said Ms Lam had "acted like it was no big deal" after a reported million people marched last week.

"Secondly, we are marching for the students who were brutally treated by the police. We need to get justice for them."

Chloe Yim, 20, who had joined the protests for the first time, said: "If Carrie sees so many people come out, and still doesn't listen - she's being an autocrat who doesn't listen to people. Hong Kong people can't accept that."

'Too little too late'
Analysis by Helier Cheung, BBC News, Hong Kong

The government had hoped to reduce public anger by announcing a pause in the legislation on Saturday.

That has patently failed, as even bigger numbers - close to two million, according to the organisers, took to the streets.

For the chief executive, the demonstrations will have taken on a particularly personal bent, as protesters chanted "Carrie Lam - resign!" throughout during the day.

The government is now trying to strike a conciliatory tone - in a statement, it said it understood the protesters' views "have been made out of love and core for Hong Kong". It promised the chief executive would adopt a more "sincere and humble attitude" towards public criticism.

But this is too little, too late for many protesters, who insist they won't settle for anything less than the bill being completely withdrawn.

The new face of the HK protests
The scenes are reminiscent of 2003 - when half a million people protested against proposed national security legislation. The unpopular chief executive at the time, Tung Chee-hwa, resigned months later.

But even if Ms Lam resigns, there's no guarantee that protesters will be satisfied with whoever replaces her - especially as, under Hong Kong's political system, the leader is elected by a small panel filled with allies of the Beijing government.

What is the controversy about?
Hong Kong is a former British colony, but was returned to Chinese rule in 1997 under a "one country, two systems" deal that guarantees it a level of autonomy.

The government had argued the proposed extradition bill would "plug the loopholes" so that the city would not be a safe haven for criminals, following a murder case in Taiwan.

Critics have said the legislation would expose people in Hong Kong to China's deeply flawed justice system and lead to further erosion of the city's judicial independence.

Many fear the law could be used to target political opponents of the Chinese state. A large-scale march, which organisers said drew more than one million people, was held last Sunday.

On Wednesday tens of thousands gathered to blockade streets around government headquarters to try to stop the second reading, or debate, of the extradition bill.

China’s history of extraordinary rendition
Will the bill damage Hong Kong's star status?
There were clashes and 22 police and 60 protesters were injured. Authorities say 11 people were arrested. The police have been accused by some rights groups of excessive force.

Why the anger at Carrie Lam?
Much of the public anger has been directed at Ms Lam, the region's elected chief executive - who is firmly supported by Beijing.

Part of that anger comes from a tearful address after Wednesday's violence in which she labelled the protests "organised riots" ? a label rejected by the hundreds of thousands of peaceful protesters.

Ms Lam remained hidden from public view for days, until her announcement on Saturday the she had heard the calls for her government to "pause and think". But she stopped short of saying the bill would be permanently shelved.

Profile: Carrie Lam, Chief Executive of Hong Kong
On Sunday, she followed this up with a statement apologising for "her government's work that has led to substantial controversies and disputes in society, causing disappointment and grief among the people".

There has been speculation among analysts about Ms Lam's future amid the continued protests, but China's foreign ministry publicly backed her on Saturday.

Is Hong Kong part of China?
Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841, when China ceded the island to the British after the First Opium War - which had erupted over British traders smuggling opium into China. It remained a colony until sovereignty was returned to China in 1997.

It is now part of China under a "one country, two systems" principle, which ensures that it keeps its own judicial independence, its own legislature and economic system.

Beijing's struggle to win Hong Kong's young hearts
The Hong Kong handover in a nutshell
A timeline of Hong Kong's history
It is what China calls a special administrative region - enjoying a great deal of autonomy that has made it a key business and media hub in the region.

But it remains subject to pressure from mainland China, and Beijing remains responsible for defence and foreign affairs.

Are you taking part in the protests today? If it is safe to do so please get in touch by emailing haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

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ラベル:独裁
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2019年06月16日のつぶやき










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